Ujjawala combat trafficking scheme
- Ujjawala is a comprehensive scheme to combat trafficking introduced on December 4, 2007 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- The scheme was launched with the objective to prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation and to facilitate rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration and repatriation of victims.
- The scheme is being implemented mainly through NGOs and these implementing organizations receive financial assistance to cover 90 % costs for undertaking activities under the scheme.
- According to press release of the Ministry, there are 162 Rehabilitative Homes accommodating 8,100 victims as on August, 2016.
The target beneficiaries of the scheme are all women and children who are vulnerable to or who are actual victims of trafficking for sexual commercial exploitation. The vulnerable sections include slum dwellers, children of sexual workers, destitute and victims of natural calamities, refugees, etc.
The eligibility criteria for implementing agencies to receive financial assistance are:
- The organization should be registered under law and must have a properly constituted Managing Body and a Constitution to clearly define its powers, duties and responsibilities.
- It should not work for the profit of any individual or group.
- It should have three years of experience.
- It should have facilities, resources, financial stability, experience and personnel to initiate the scheme for which assistance is sought.
- Voluntary organizations should be registered with the NGO PS portal of NITI Aayog.
The scheme aims to protect vulnerable women and children from exploitation. It also empowers victims of trafficking and helps them become financially independent, and also improve their health and social status and standard of living.
The scheme is envisaged through five components.
Prevention: This involves formation of community vigilance groups, carrying out sensitization workshops, seminars and awareness generating campaigns. This helps in making the police and the community sensitive towards the needs of victims of trafficking.
Rescue: This facilitates rescue of victims from the site of exploitation and placing them in safe custody.
Rehabilitation: This step offers refuge to victims in shelter homes, where they are provided food, clothing, medical care, legal aid, trauma care and counseling. In the long run, victims are also provided vocational training and guidance in income-generation activities.
Reintegration: The service under this component involves restoring the victims to their family and the community at large.
Repatriation: The component provides support to cross-border victims for helping them return to the country of their origin.
The total budget for executing the five components of the project is Rs 29,16,500 for Grade-A cities and Rs 27,96,500 for Grade-B cities.
All women and children who are trafficked can avail the scheme without the need to furnish documents.
However, implementing agencies need to furnish the following documents:
- Registration Certificate
- Constitution of the agency/Bye-laws and Memorandum of Association
- Constitution of the Board of Management with brief particulars of each members
- Annual Report/Audited Accounts for the last 3 years
- Rent deed for rented accommodation
How to Apply
The scheme allows for victims of trafficking to be identified and tracked. Victims can themselves avail the scheme by contacting the implementing agency or the Social Welfare/Women and Child Developments of states, local bodies, trusts, corporations and centers working for women development.
The implementing agencies seeking financial assistance for one or more components need to fill up the application form with details of the agency, details of the proposal and necessary documents. These applications need to be submitted to the state governments concerned.
You can find the detailed information at:
Ministry of Women & Child Development,
Ms. Sarada Ali Khan
Shri V.S. Yadav
Shri Samir Sinha
Contact details of officials working under the Ministry of Women & Child Development can be accessed at http://wcd.nic.in/about-us/whos-who.
The list of Rehabilitation Homes under Ujjawala Scheme with their address and location can be accessed at http://icds-wcd.nic.in/schemes/ujjawalalist12102012.pdf