20th April, 2019

National Optical Fibre


  • National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) is a project launched in order to provide high speed broadband connectivity to over 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats and link 600 million rural citizens of the country.
  • Part of the Digital India initiative of the Government of India, the project is a giant leap which aims at bridging the digital divide in India by linking all Indian villages through a common platform i.e. optical fibre cable.
  • The project will utilize the existing optical fibre network of Central Utilities (BSNL, RailTel and Power Grid) and lay approximately 6 lakh kilometer new incremental optical fibre cable to extend it to the Gram Panchayats wherever necessary.
  • NOFN is being funded at an initial cost of Rs. 20,000 Crore by the Universal Broadband Network Limited (USOF), which was set up to improve telecom services in remote and rural regions of India.
  • NOFN uses Gigabit Passive Optical Network (GPON) technology domestically designed and developed by C-DOT and supplied by United Telecoms Limited (UTL). GPON uses a point-to-multipoint scheme that enables a single optical fibre to serve multiple premises. GPON provides higher bandwidth, better QoS and enhanced scalability.
  • The Optical Line Terminal (OLT) is placed at BSNL Telephone Exchanges in the Block Headquarters which is connected to Optical Network Terminal (ONT) at Gram Panchayats through optical fibre cable.
  • Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL), a telecom infrastructure provider, is responsible for execution, management and operation of the project. BBNL aims to provide non-discriminatory access to bandwidth to all eligible service providers to enable them to provide services in rural areas.

The Telecom Commission approved a 3 phase implementation of the NOFN programme, which are as follows:

  • Phase 1 aims to connect 1 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) with broadband connectivity by laying optical fibre cables (OFCs) by March 2017.
  • Phase 2 will provide broadband connectivity to all 2.5 lakh GPs using an optical mix of underground fibre, fibre over power lines, radio and satellite media to be completed by October 2018.
  • Phase 3 will aim to create a futuristic network with ring topology to be used between districts and blocks and blocks and GPs. It is targeted to be completed by 2023.

For weekly status of BharatNet (Phase 1) work started as on 9th July, 2017: refer to BharatNet (Phase-I)- Weekly status of work

For weekly status of OFC laid under BharatNet (Phase 1), refer to BharatNet (Phase-I)- Weekly status of OFC laid

Lat-Long of GPs, FPOIs and OLTs for GPs under BharatNet Phase-I: Lat-Long of GPs, FPOIs and OLTs for GPs under BharatNet Phase-I

For status of BharatNet as on 16th July, 2017, refer to: STATUS OF BHARATNET

For viewing the document referring to the planning of BharatNet (Phase 2), click on PLANNING FOR BharatNet PHASE 2


  • NOFN is envisaged to create a high speed digital super highway with the potential to connect every nook and corner of the country digitally. The broadband connectivity has the limitless power to foster socio-economic development by empowering those at the bottom of the pyramid.
  • It will also enable delivery of citizen services, local developmental planning, management, community participation and knowledge dissemination at the Panchayat level. It will therefore make Panchayat administration more efficient and transparent.
  • It will enable telecom & internet service providers, including other service providers to launch next generation of services for citizens by harnessing the power of technology.
  • NOFN will spur creation of local employment opportunities encompassing e-commerce, IT outsourcing, rural BPOs, as well as services such as e-banking, e-education and e-banking.
  • Sustainable adoption of technology offers viable options in overcoming developmental challenges in rural areas by supporting e-governance services, telemedicine, tele-education, financial services, e-commerce and e-entertainment.
  • Affordable access to broadband connectivity is a key infrastructure not only for creating socio-economic development but also for building inclusive and digitally empowered society.

Relevant Link

  • You can find the detailed information at: Official Website .
  • For viewing the detailed optical fibre connectivity plan pertaining to various GPs and blocks, refer to: KNOW YOUR FIBER
  • For viewing list of GPs across various districts of India: FPOIs of Active GPs
  • For viewing list of GPs connected live on the network, refer to: Active GPs 

Contact Information

Department of Telecommunications
Ministry of Communications
Sanchar Bhawan 20, Ashoka Road,
New Delhi 110001

Bharat Broadband Network Limited
Room No-306, 3rd Floor,
C-DOT Campus, Mandigoan Road,
Mehrauli, New Delhi -110030
Phone: 011-26806100
Fax: 011-26806122

1. contact.bbnl@nic.in
2. feedback.bbnl@nic.in

For contact details of BBNL officials, refer to: BBNL CORPORATE OFFICE, DELHI