30th September, 2020

Bharat Mala Project


Bharat Mala Project is an ambitious road development initiative under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. It has been envisaged as an umbrella program that will subsume unfinished projects of National Highways Development Project (NHDP) and also focus on new initiatives like development of roads for better connectivity.

Components of Bharat Mala Project:

• The project involves constructions of national highways with an aim to improve road connectivity to coastal/border areas, ports, backward areas, religious and tourist sites.
• The project for border and coastal connectivity will cover 7,000 kms of National Highways at an estimated cost of Rs 80,000 Crore.
• It will also feature construction, strengthening and widening of approximately 1,500 major bridges and 200 Railway Over Bridges (ROBs)/Railway Under Bridges (RUBs) on national highways.
• Another project component will see the improvement of the newly declared National Highways providing better connectivity to district headquarters.
• The project also aims to improve connectivity to Char Dham i.e. the pilgrimage sites of Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunothri & Gangothri in Uttarakhand.
• The project has identified 44 economic (freight) corridors, inter-corridors and feeder-routes for development. This will facilitate faster and cost-efficient movement of cargo. The corridors include, among others, Mumbai-Kochi-Kanyakumari, Bengaluru-Mangaluru, Hyderabad-Panaji and Sambalpur-Ranchi.
• The roads will have dividers, pedestrian ways, underpasses, and installation of signaling and lighting systems.
• Expertise of Border Roads Organization (BRO) will be taken for building roads on rougher terrain.

Contours of the National Highway:

The road building project aims to connect the eastern and western land borders from Gujarat to Mizoram, covering states in between. The project will:

• start from Gujarat and Rajasthan;
• move to Punjab;
• then cover the entire stretch of Himalayan States i.e. Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal, Uttrakhand, and then portions of borders of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar; and
• move to Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh right up to the Indo-Myanmar border in Manipur and Mizoram.

This road trajectory will eventually be linked to the road network in coastal states from Maharashtra and West Bengal. These two road networks will hence garland the entire territory of India. Hence, the project is known as Bharat Mala.

The road network will pass through all the Indian states bordering with Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Recent Developments:

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has invited bids for preparing Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) for road development along the borders and coastlines under the Bharat Mala Project and work will begin as soon as land acquisition is complete.

The government will fund most of the Bharat Mala Project, but several works will also be taken up in the public-private partnership (PPP) approach. PPP construction involves methods like Build-Operate-Transfer (Toll) [BOT (Toll)] and Hybrid Annuity Mode (HAM) as well as under Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC).

The project is targeted to be completed by 2022.


Not Applicable


  • The project assumes immense strategic significance. Upon project completion of road network, the armed forces will be able to easily access and traverse border areas. Supply of troops as well as military transportation will be faster and smoother due to good condition of roads. Besides, borders will open up and the country can expect better trade opportunities with neighboring countries.
  • By constructing a national road spanning the eastern and western borders of India, the connectivity with backward and sensitive border areas will drastically improve. This will in turn spur huge scale development; bring urbanization and real estate growth.
  • Transport infrastructure forms the backbone of a country’s economy and provides a vital linkage between consumers and producers. This will benefit mountainous and remote areas where connectivity and economy activity is low.
  • By eliminating railway crossing, Railway Over Bridges (ROBs)/Railway Under Bridges (RUBs) will ensure faster road vehicular and train movement and also reduce accidents.
  • The project upon successful completion will be a national asset and this outstanding achievement will be appreciated all over the world.

Documents required and Application Procedure

Not Applicable

Relevant Link

You can find the detailed information at:

Contact Information

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways,
Transport Bhawan,
Sansad Marg,
New Delhi-110001