Smart City Mission
- By 2030, urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute to 75% of India’s GDP. Urbanization in India is occurring at a breakneck pace which poses huge challenges and also opportunities for comprehensive development of infrastructure.
- In response, the Government of India launched Smart City Mission in 2015, an urban development initiative which aims to improve the quality of life in 109 of India’s fast growing cities. The flagship effort will allocate Rs. 48000 Crore over five years to facilitate progressive urban planning, improve governance and develop the physical, institutional, economic and social infrastructure of the urban centres.
- The objective of the mission is to nurture cities that provide for basic infrastructure, decent living conditions, clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘smart’ solutions. The mission hopes to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, to create similar smart cities in other regions and parts of India.
- The smart solutions include ICT interventions for improved e-governance and for improving the efficiency of basic services at relatively lower costs. These will build upon the IoT (Internet of things) that allows exchange of data over a network, between objects and devices, allowing analysis of real-time data which can be used to deliver improved digital services in cities and enhance citizen services and quality of life.
- The components of basic infrastructure include adequate water supply, sanitation and solid waste management; affordable housing with assured electricity supply, especially for the poor; efficient urban mobility and public transport; robust IT connectivity and digitalization; good governance, especially e-governance and citizen participation; sustainable environment; safety and security of citizens particularly women, children and the elderly; and better health and education.
Smart Cities will drive economic growth and improve quality of life by enabling local area development and harnessing technology for producing smart outcomes. These are based on several development models which are:
- Retrofitting: Development of an existing built area greater than 500 acres with intensive infrastructure service levels and smart applications to make it more efficient and livable (e.g local area development in Ahmedabad).
- Redevelopment: Replacing existing built-up environment in an area of more than 50 acres and enabling co-creation of a new lay-out and design with enhanced infrastructure using mixed land use and increased density (e.g. Bhendi Bazaar Project in Mumbai).
- Greenfield development: Development of a previously vacant area of more than 250 acres using innovating planning, plan financing and plan implementation with provision for affordable housing, especially for the poor (e.g. GIFT City, Gujarat).
- Pan-city development: Application of smart city enables cities to improve municipal services and infrastructure by harnessing IT and communication features. For instance, smart water meters and billing systems, energy efficient and Green buildings, real-time online monitoring of water quality, remotely controlled automatic water distribution valves, etc.
Smart City Features:
Smart cities will foster comprehensive development with features such as:
- mixed land use and activities in the same place for efficient development of city (such as offices, houses and shops clustered together);
- housing facilities for all the citizens of the city;
- creating localities which are conducive for a variety of transport options and last-mile connectivity and also walk-able localities having administrative services such as parks and museums within walking or cycling distance;
- preserving and developing open spaces;
- making governance citizen-friendly and cost-effective;
- giving a unique identity to the city based on its main economic activity (such as local cuisine, arts, sports, etc.) and developing infrastructure and services which reflect the aspirations and needs of the citizens.
Smart City Selection Process
Smart cities are selected for development on the basis of a City Challenge method, in which Indian cities compete for central government funding in two stages. The total number of smart cities (109) is distributed among the States and UTs on the basis of equitable criteria where each State/UT will have a certain number of Smart Cities, with each State/UT having at least one.
Stage 1: Shortlisting of cities by States
The intra-state competition will have cities in the State competing on the conditions and scoring criteria such as service levels, institutional and financial capacity, past track record and reforms. The potential cities are announced by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) to compete in the second stage all India competition.
Stage 2: Challenge Round for selection
In the second stage, each of the potential cities will prepare a Smart City Proposal (SCP) to participate in the All India City Challenge for multiple rounds of selection. The SCP should contain a retrofitting or redevelopment or greenfield model or a mix thereof including a Pan-city feature with Smart Solution(s) mentioned above in the Strategy section. It should also outline the suggestions collected by way of consultation with city residents and other stakeholders, along with proposal for financing of the smart city plan including the revenue for attracting private participation.
Assistance for SCP preparation
For preparation of SCPs, States/UTs will receive technical assistance support by hiring consulting firms and engaging with handholding external agencies from foreign governments. The Centre shall also provide financial assistance of Rs. 2 Crore each for the shortlisted cities for preparing their SCPs.
These proposals will be submitted to the MoUD to be evaluated by a panel of experts.
The MoUD will announce the winning cities of the first round. All the cities that do not qualify in the first round are still on the list of potential smart cities and can qualify by revising and revisiting their proposals and participating in the next round of competitions.
Winning city Proposals
The Government on India on 28th January 2016 announced the 20 winners of the Smart City Challenge competition for financing with a total proposed investment of Rs. 50802 Crore over five years. Bhubaneswar topped the list of 20 followed by Pune and Jaipur.
Similarly, there were 13 winning proposals in the Fast Track Round, 27 winning city proposals in Round 2 and 30 winning proposals in Round 3.
The list of cities selected as winners in all these competition rounds (along with details of their proposal and implementation and financial plan) can be accessed here: http://smartcities.gov.in/content/city_challenge.php.
The strategy and components for the Area-Based Development of the first 20 cities selected in Round 1 can be accessed here:
Similarly, the Pan-City components proposed for the 20 winning cities in Round 1 can be found here:
The same information (components of Area-based development & Pan-City proposals) for 13 winning cities of the Fast Track Round can be found in the following links:
- Area Based Strategy Proposed Under Scp By The 13 Winnning Fast Track Cities
- Area Based Components Inventory Proposed Under Scp By The 13 Winnning Fast Track Cities
- Pan City Components Inventory Proposed Under Scp By The 13 Winning Fast Track Cities
Each city will have a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created for the purpose of implementing the mission at the city level. The SPV will have complete flexibility to plan, appraise, approve, release funds, implement, manage, operate, monitor and evaluate the Smart city development projects.
The list of SPVs which have been incorporated under the Companies Act, 2013 for the various cities under Smart City Mission and the Board of Directors appointed for each SPV can be found here: http://smartcities.gov.in/content/spvdatanew.php
The Smart City Mission will be operated as a centrally sponsored scheme and the Centre provides financial support to the Mission to the extent of Rs. 48000 Crore over 5 years on an average Rs. 100 Crore per city per year. An equal amount, on similar basis, will have to be contributed by the State/ULBs.
Therefore, Smart Cities development will have a total fund of almost Rs. 1 Lakh Crore of Government/ULB funds. However, this covers only a part of the project cost. Therefore, balance funds are expected to be mobilized from User Charges and fees collected by ULBs, Public-Private Partnerships, FFC recommendations, municipal bonds, borrowings from bilateral and multilateral institutions, National Investment and Infrastructure Funds and Convergence with other Government schemes such as Swachh Bharat Mission, HRIDAY and AMRUT Mission.
The details of financing of Smart Cities can be accessed here: Financing of Smart Cities
For the purpose of monitoring the project, the MoUD has established an Apex Committee and National Mission Directorate for National-level monitoring, a High Powered Steering Committee for state-level monitoring and a Smart City Advisory Forum at the city level headed by the CEO of the SPV.
The Smart City Advisory Forum will invite collaboration from citizens and various stakeholders and will include the District Collector, MP, MLA, Mayor, local youths, technical experts and representatives of Associations.
The mission requires active involvement of smart citizens who contribute in the definition of their smart city, decisions on applying smart solutions, implementing reforms, and oversight during implementation and designing post-project structures to make the smart city development sustainable.
Smart Net Portal
Smart Net Portal enables the cities under different urban missions to share ideas and source solutions for various issues during the implementation of various missions. For further details, click on https://smartnet.niua.org/missions.
- As India’s Smart City Mission gathers momentum, it is expected to become one of the key economic and employment avenues for the country in the coming decades.
- The mission fosters smart people who participate in urban planning, governance, reforms and application of smart solutions. A smart city enables easy interaction between the government and its citizens using ICT connectivity. This ensures better distribution of public information, citizen feedback and grievance redressal.
- A smart city will provide basic infrastructure such as adequate water and electricity supply, sanitation and solid waste management.
- Smart cities will have sufficient housing for all income groups, especially affordable housing for the poor.
- The mission will provide for efficient transportation and mobility with smart parking, intelligent traffic management and an integrated multi-modal transport. As such, roads will be designed equally for pedestrians, cyclists and vehicles. A smart city will not require automobiles to get around, distances are short for accessing services, buildings are accessible from the sidewalks, travel time is reduced and transit options are plentiful.
- A smart city will have sufficient and usable open spaces such as parks which can be accessed by all age groups that promote exercise and outdoor recreation.
- It will provide equal access to public healthcare and education for all children in the city.
- A smart city will promote a sustainable environment through efficient water, energy and waste management. For instance, there will be energy efficient and Green buildings, sewage treatment, proper waste disposal and recycling.
- Consumption of scarce resources such as water and energy is streamlined through the use of technology.
- A Smart city will have high levels of safety and security, especially focused on women, children and elderly.
How to Apply
Smart City Mission,
Ministry of Urban Development,
Nirman Bhawan, Maulana Azad Road,
Contact details of officials at the Ministry spearheading and working for the Smart City Mission are as follows:
Name Designation Email Id Contact Details
- Shri Anupam Mishra Economic Advisor (EA) email@example.com ( 011-23061926 )
- Shri Sajeesh Kumar N. Director (SC-III) firstname.lastname@example.org (011-23062194)
- Shri Prem Prakash Under Secretary-I (SC-I) email@example.com (011-23062951)
- Shri Ajit Kumar Under Secretary (SC-III) firstname.lastname@example.org (011-23061081)
- Shri Sanjay Sharma Under Secretary-I (SC-II) email@example.com (011-23062908)
- Shri G. Vijay Kumar Under Secretary (SC-III) firstname.lastname@example.org (011-23063217)
The contact details of Principal Secretaries of Urban Development Department, State/UT, Commissioners and Mayors can be viewed here: Contact_List