Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) is national mission for rural upliftment which is inspired by the vision of transformational change in rural development processes. It aims to build the architecture of an inclusive India by involving premier institutes of higher education to address the development challenges of local communities using appropriate technology.
In India, 70 % of the population lives in rural areas engaged in agrarian economy. 51% of the total workforce is employed in agriculture and allied sectors which accounts for only 17 % of the GDP.
Moreover, there are huge disconnects such as inequity in health, education, incomes and availability of public services and assets. Hence the UBA mission was launched with the understanding that without rural development, India cannot optimally achieve its growth potential and claim its place in the world.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a mission initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development conceived on November 11, 2014 and it is coordinated by the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.
The objectives of the UBA mission are broadly two-fold:
Currently, 132 villages have been adopted by 15 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) for technology-based intervention to address the developmental challenges existing in the adopted villages.
The UBA mission can be undertaken in the following list of permissible projects:
The duration of each UBA mission project shall be of 2 years.
Under the UBA mission, professional institutions will identify pressing problems and development needs in villages. These development challenges will be addressed through the use of appropriate technology and financially viable solutions will be developed for accelerating sustainable growth in villages. The mission will empower local communities to dialogue with knowledge institutions in creating technically sound and locally feasible development solutions that promote self-reliance.
Additionally, grassroots organizations will be provided professional resource support in innovating new products and local solutions that will indirectly create livelihood opportunities for the rural workforce.
The UBA mission follows a participatory process that encourages the knowledge institutions to work closely with Centre/State Government departments dealing with rural development, power, health, drinking water, sanitation, etc. Collaboration is also made with individuals, local organizations and NGOs working in the field of rural development.
Each participating knowledge institution has a UBA Cell functioning directly under the supervision of the Head of the Institution and consisting of interdisciplinary faculty members.
This Cell is expected to monitor the progress of projects at the Institution level and would address the coordination issues. The progress in preparation of innovative solutions and their implementation are also regularly monitored by the District/ State Governments and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.