21st September, 2018

Frequently asked questions about Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA)

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan Frequently Asked Questions

1) What is Unnat Bharat Abhiyan?

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) is national mission for rural upliftment which is inspired by the vision of transformational change in rural development processes. It aims to build the architecture of an inclusive India by involving premier institutes of higher education to address the development challenges of local communities using appropriate technology.

2) Why was Unnat Bharat Abhiyan mission launched in India?

In India, 70 % of the population lives in rural areas engaged in agrarian economy. 51% of the total workforce is employed in agriculture and allied sectors which accounts for only 17 % of the GDP.

Moreover, there are huge disconnects such as inequity in health, education, incomes and availability of public services and assets.  Hence the UBA mission was launched with the understanding that without rural development, India cannot optimally achieve its growth potential and claim its place in the world.

3) When was the UBA mission launched and by whom?

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a mission initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development conceived on November 11, 2014 and it is coordinated by the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

4) What are the objectives of the UBA mission?

The objectives of the UBA mission are broadly two-fold:

  1. Building institutional capacity in Institutes of higher education in research and training which are relevant to the needs of rural India;
  2. Providing rural India with the professional resource support from Institutes of higher education, especially those excelling academically in the field of science, engineering, technology and management.

5) What is the implementation status of the UBA mission?

Currently, 132 villages have been adopted by 15 Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) for technology-based intervention to address the developmental challenges existing in the adopted villages.

6) What kind of development projects can be undertaken under the UBA mission?

The UBA mission can be undertaken in the following list of permissible projects:

  • Natural Resource Management
  • Economic Productivity through appropriate technologies for activities in sustainable agriculture and allied sectors
  • Entrepreneurship and Skill Development in rural India
  • Physical infrastructure such as rural housing, drinking water, sanitation and low-cost toilets
  • Frugal technology (eg. Artisan technology and rural industries) for rural livelihood and employment
  • ICT and e-Governance initiatives for rural information network
  • Social and institutional infrastructure development such as Health, Education and Public Transport
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan initiatives

7) What is the duration of each project under UBA mission?

The duration of each UBA mission project shall be of 2 years.

8) What are the benefits of the UBA mission for rural India?

Under the UBA mission, professional institutions will identify pressing problems and development needs in villages. These development challenges will be addressed through the use of appropriate technology and financially viable solutions will be developed for accelerating sustainable growth in villages. The mission will empower local communities to dialogue with knowledge institutions in creating technically sound and locally feasible development solutions that promote self-reliance.

Additionally, grassroots organizations will be provided professional resource support in innovating new products and local solutions that will indirectly create livelihood opportunities for the rural workforce.

9) How will the knowledge institutions be supported in their endeavor to create local solutions to rural development challenges?

The UBA mission follows a participatory process that encourages the knowledge institutions to work closely with Centre/State Government departments dealing with rural development, power, health, drinking water, sanitation, etc. Collaboration is also made with individuals, local organizations and NGOs working in the field of rural development.

10) How are projects under the UBA mission monitored?

Each participating knowledge institution has a UBA Cell functioning directly under the supervision of the Head of the Institution and consisting of interdisciplinary faculty members.

This Cell is expected to monitor the progress of projects at the Institution level and would address the coordination issues. The progress in preparation of innovative solutions and their implementation are also regularly monitored by the District/ State Governments and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.