Pradhan Mantri Nai Manzil Scheme is a government scheme under the Ministry of Minority Affairs which provides formal education and livelihood skill training for the youths belonging to the minority communities.
As per the 2011 Census, more than 20 % of India’s population consists of minorities. The school drop-out rate of minorities is very high, standing at 14 % at primary level and 18 % at secondary level. Besides, the workforce participation rate of minorities is lower than the national average which indicates the lack of employability skills amongst the minorities. Hence, Nai Manzil was launched in order to ensure access to education which will have direct returns in terms of employability of minorities.
Nai Manzil aims to mobilize minority BPL youth who are school drop-outs by providing them formal education programme and certification up to 8th or 10th level through NIOS or any other state board. It also aims to provide integrated skill training to the youth in market driven skills that guarantees placements to at least 70 % trained participants with minimum wage and other social protection entitlements. Lastly, it intends to raise awareness and sensitization in health and life skills.
The beneficiary should belong to the minority community between 17 to 35 years of age. He/she should belong to a BPL family. Besides, 30 % of the seats will be reserved for girl/women candidates and 5 % for differently abled minority beneficiaries. 15 % candidates may belong to BPL families of non-minority communities to promote inter-community solidarity.
The scheme provides non-residential education and skill training programme for 9 to 12 months of which a minimum 3 months will be devoted to skill training.
Nai Manzil provides schooling under two components i.e. Class VII Basic Bridge Program and Class X Basic Bridge Program. For schooling in Class VII Bridge Program, candidates should furnish Class V pass or failed school leaving certificate and for Class X Bridge Program, candidates should possess Class VIII pass school leaving certificate. Additionally, candidates need to provide a self-certificate stating capability to pursue the course in the above two programs.
Each eligible candidate will undergo a 3 month skill training programme based on his/her aptitude and capability. The training will include soft skills and life skills training, basic IT and English training. The training will be provided on sectors which have skill demand of the manufacturing and service sector in the area.
The Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs) are required to place successful candidates in regular employment in the sector in which he/she was trained. Emphasis is place on employing beneficiaries in the formal sector and beneficiaries should receive minimum wage, PF, ESI, Paid Leave and other benefits from the employer. The PIAs also provide post-placement support to the beneficiaries for at least 3 months through regular counseling. If beneficiaries drop out of the labor market, the PIAs will be responsible for finding another job for him/her.
According to Nai Manzil scheme guidelines, trainee beneficiaries will receive Education stipend of Rs. 6000 for six months and Skills stipend of Rs. 4500 for 3 months, including Rs. 4000 as post placement support for candidates.
Nai Manzil will be implemented in minority areas across the country in a phased manner. Currently, the scheme has been introduced at Patna and Motihari in Bihar; Bhandup in Mumbai; three institutions in Jammu & Kashmir viz. Skill Development Centre, University of Kashmir and two Madarsas in Pampore and Bandipora.