1. What is the objective of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana?
A major portion of the workforce in India does not have desired training skills. The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana (PMKVY) aims to promote professional training amongst the youth of the country. The skill development training programme under PMKVY scheme offers monetary rewards of Rs.8000 to trainees, on the average. The prime objective of this initiative is to encourage effective training in the employable sectors. Training programs in this particular scheme comply with the NOS or National Occupational Standards.
2. Who are the eligible beneficiaries of this training program/ or Who is eligible to apply under PMKVY?
The PMKVY training is available for any candidate who meets the following criteria:
3. What are the reward amounts for different job roles?
Monetary rewards for skill-development training under the PMKVY scheme will vary according to job roles. After taking in factors such as training costs, expenses, and eagerness of employees, the reward amount will be determined. The reward amounts for plumbing, manufacturing and construction sectors will be Rs. 7500, 10000, and 12,500 for Level 1&2, 3&4, and 5&6 respectively. Rewards the recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) scheme for similar sectors will be around Rs. 2500 for Level 3&4. These sectors will receive higher incentives from the government.
4. What are the training contents?
The skill training under the PMKVY will undergo 3rd party assessments. Based on global and national standards, these assessments will play a highly important role in determining the course of this project. The prime emphasis will be on improving curricula, technology, and pedagogy thus strengthening the existing capabilities of instructors. The skill-training program will include personal grooming, behavioral training, soft-skills training, and good ethics as significant parts of the entire curriculum. It will also improve the entire training ecosystem as a whole.
5. How far transparent are the fund transfers?
While transferring funds to the accounts of beneficiaries, PMKVY will abide by the rules and regulations of a transparent funding process. Trainees will receive monetary rewards directly through their respective bank accounts and no beneficiaries will get involved in the entire transaction. The Aadhaar number of each candidate will be considered as their identification. By offering direct fund transfers, the government successfully ensures a safe and transparent funding process for the project.
6. What are the crucial standards and aligned project targets?
Flagship programs launched by the Central Government such as Make in India, Swachh Bharat, Digital India, and National Solar Mission will highly benefit from the PMKVY scheme. The prime emphasis of this training is to meet the huge demand of skilled workforce for these programs. The National Skill Development Corporation(NSDC) will allocate the skill training needs to Sector Skill Councils (SSC) after discussions with states, central ministries, and union territories. The complete proceedings will be monitored by the Steering Committee of the PMKVY scheme.
7. Who can be certified trainers?
Training partners should have certifications from the NSDC. NSDC has also laid down principles for training partners. Those wishing to associate with the PMKVY programme as training partners will need to follow these principles. NSDC in association with SSCs will choose these training institutes, and the selected centers will be responsible for managing the entire infrastructure and franchisee network. This unique distribution of training centers across the country will help candidates receive effective training from skilled trainers.
8. What is the background story of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana scheme?
The lack of professional and targeted training in employees plagues various job sectors in the country. The PMKVY aims at bridging this gap between the demand and supply of trained workforce. As a flagship initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, the PMKVY also offers rewards and certifications on successful completion of training. Supported by government bodies such as NSDC, affiliated training partners, SSCs or Sector Skills Councils, and assessing agencies, the PMKVY can successfully curb the menace of unemployment in India.
9. What is the role of RPL?
The RPL or ‘Recognition of Prior Learning’ is an initiative towards acknowledging candidates with prior skill-development training. Under the RPL scheme, candidates with prior training, skills, and competencies will receive monetary rewards. As the result, those working in the informal sectors of the country will have the opportunity to get included in the formal scenario. RPL will focus on the most desirable and crucial job sectors thus promoting paradigm shifts in skill training and labor market.
10. How is PMKVY meant to empower the youth?
Almost 50% of the total population in India is below the 25-years age mark. The youth of the country is constantly aspiring to seek unique and profitable job opportunities thus creating the demand for effective skill training. The prime objective of the government is to ensure mass-mobilization of the youth thus encouraging them to opt for professional skill training. The initiative also aims towards strengthening the efficiency of the existing workforce thus aligning certification needs to the country’s requirement.