21st September, 2018

Frequently asked questions about National Food Security Act

National Food Security Act | Frequently Asked Questions

Under NFSA, what are the entitlements for food grains?

Every person as mentioned under eligible households is likely to receive 5 kg of food grains for a month, as subsidized amounts, as mentioned under the Public Distribution System. The current Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) holders, which comprises of the poorer parts of the section, will receive 35kg of food grains per month, for each household. This is the basic measurement of food grains, as entitled under National Food Security Act (NFSA). However some states clearly mentioned that this amount is not enough to cover the basic requirements of these groups.

What are the rates, at which these food grains will be provided to beneficiaries?

Under the National Food Security Act, the food grains will be provided at much lower rates to the entitled beneficiaries. The main aim is to provide nutritional benefits to children, lactating mother and pregnant women. Here, the food grains are likely to be made available at lower rates of Rs. 3 for rice per kg, and Rs. 2 for wheat per kg. These amounts are provided under priority category. It helps out the poorer section of the Indian society.

What are the salient features of NFSA?

As per the National Food Security Act, 75% of rural population and 50% of urban population are entitled to receive 5 kg of food grains per month, for 3 consecutive years. The amount of rice will be Rs 3 per kg, and that of wheat will be Rs. 2 per KG.  The entitled people will further receive millet at Re. 1. The eldest woman in the entitled household needs to be 18 years minimum, and will be the head of household for issuance of ration cards.

What are the criteria for people of rural sector who cannot participate under NFSA?

There are certain rules implemented, which will not allow you to be a member of the entitled beneficiary under NFSA. The income tax payers of rural sectors will not get such help from the central government. This beneficiary act is not for those households, which have tractor, four wheeler, air conditioner, generator or harvester. If the households have irrigational land of nearly 5 acres or more or have an annual income of 2 lakh or more, then those households are not entitled for this beneficiary.

Who can be a part of subsided beneficiary plan under NFSA?

If you want to gain the benefits of NFSA 2013, then there are certain criteria, which are to be considered first. The people, who can opt for this benefit, are domestic workers, beggars, street vendors, cobblers, rickshaw pullers and hawkers, orphan children, people suffering from AIDS or leprosy, daily wage workers and Swachhkaar. This beneficiary is also meant for abandoned women. It is also for those households with physically challenged or mentally instable people, as head of the family and without any other adult male member.

What are the exclusion criteria for urban areas?

Not all urban members will receive beneficiary subsidiary from NFSA. This rule is not for the income tax payee or for those households having air conditioner, generator and/or four wheeler. If the households have residential plot greater than 100 sq. m, then they will be excluded from the list. This law is for the poorer sections of the society and not for those households with commercial place of 80 square meters or more carpet area. The central government is very particular about it.

Who can opt for subsidiary benefits in the urban sector?

A family of individuals suffering from AIDS or leprosy has the liberty to join the NFSA. This law is even meant for orphan children, rag picker or cleaner and even for abandoned women. This rule is meant for households with domestic work or begging as main income source. Even the SC or ST families and landless laborers can opt for this beneficiary. This rule is mainly implemented for the households, which falls below the poverty line. This is based on the certified income certificate, as procured from Revenue department.

What is meant by transparency portal for the PDS?

All the states and union territories are asked to create single transparency portal. This portal comprises of all TPDS related information and data for public view, and without any restriction on accessibility. The same information can be widely publicized. The transparency portal of the Food and Civil supplies department hosts information in certain public domain, like fair price shops, F&CS offices, storage godowns and more. The content, as procured from this transparency portal, will be in English and Hindi languages.

What are other entitlements for food security under NFSA?

Other than receiving subsidized food grains, this act further provides nutritional support to lactating mother and pregnant women. This act will further offer nutritional support to children of poorer sections. These aforementioned members are entitled to receive meals as per the given nutritional norms under MDM and ICDS schemes. There are higher nutritional norms given for malnourished children, up to 6 years. Lactating mothers and pregnant women will further receive maternity benefits of minimum 6000 rupees. This act is said to be implemented by Ministry of Women and Child Development.

What is the way for addressing grievances in this act?

This act here provides an internal grievance redressal formula, which includes help lines, call centers, nodal officers and other such mechanisms. It has been further stated that State Government must appoint a District Grievance Redressal Officer for each district separately. Their main aim is to deal with effective redressal and expeditious of grievances of aggrieved persons, to some matters relating to distribution of food grains. Every state government must constitute State Food Commission for monitoring and reviewing implementation of this Act.