Mission Indradhanush is a nationwide initiative launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on December 2014 to achieve full immunization coverage for all children in the country, protecting them against seven preventable childhood diseases. This will be achieved through intensive efforts and special immunization drives.
India records 5 lakh child deaths annually due to vaccine preventable diseases. 1 out of every 3 children in India do not receive all vaccines that are available under UIP. 5 % urban children and 8 % rural children are un-immunized.
Besides, the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) in the last 30 years has been able to cover only 65 % immunization, and the increase in coverage has stagnated in the past 5 years to an average of 1 % every year.
Hence, to reduce child mortality, to address the inequity in immunization and to expand the immunization coverage in India from 65 % in 2014 to 90 % by 2020, Mission Indradhanush was launched.
All children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women are eligible for acquiring immunization.
Mission Indradhanush provides life-saving vaccination to all children across the country protecting them against Tuberculosis, Diptheria, Whooping Cough, Tetanus, Polio, Measles and Hepatitis B. In addition, vaccination is also provided against Japanese Encephalitis (JE) and Haemophilus Influenzae type B in select endemic districts of the country.
The vaccinations are provided free of cost.
A child can be immunized in nearby government health facilities or outreach session sites by ANM/staff nurse/doctor. The immunization services are also provided by private doctors at private health facilities.
The session sites will be operational from 9 am to 4 pm. However, flexibility based on the availability of beneficiaries or other local conditions is permitted.
Yes, all vaccines that are being provided under UIP in the state/district as per the national immunization schedule will be made available under Mission Indradhanush. Parents need to check the schedule for timely and systematic immunization of their children available in the Mission Indradhanush website (http://www.missionindradhanush.in/parents.html).
Vaccination protects children from life-threatening diseases by inducing the body to produce anti-bodies. It also helps reduce the spread of diseases to others. It improves the child’s immune system and keeps them healthy.
Mission Indradhanush had led to vaccination of around 2.1 Crore children of which more than 55 lakh children have been fully immunized in the first three phases of Mission Indradhanush. According to INCHIS report, the first two phases alone have led to 5-7 % increase in full immunization coverage of children.
Phase 4 of MI was launched from February 7, 2017 covering 68 districts of the 8 North-Eastern states in the first round. The second round will focus on 188 districts across 19 states from April 7, 2017.
The Mission will focus on high risk populations with traditionally low immunization coverage such as slum-dwellers, nomadic sites and migrant families living in brick kilns and constructions sites including underserved and remote populations. Generally, areas with vacant sub-centers (with no Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANMs) and having low routine immunization coverage will be targeted.