MPLADS is a scheme formulated by the Government of India on December 1993 which allows Members of Parliament, both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, to recommend development work to be carried out in his/her constituency by the district authorities.
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation administers and monitors the implementation of the scheme including fund release and policy formulation. The District Authority is responsible for sanctioning and timely and effective implementation of such recommended works.
Under the scheme, MPs can recommend works of development nature, creation of durable assets of national priority and provision of basic facilities based on the local needs of the people. For instance, works can include construction of school buildings, libraries, drinking water and electricity facilities in rural areas, roads, public toilets, footpaths, etc.
under the scheme, an annual allocation of five crores rupees will be released in two equal installments for implementing development works.
MPLADS is centrally sponsored scheme wherein non-lapsable funds are offered as grant-in-aids to district authorities for implementing the scheme.
All recommended eligible works will be sanctioned by the District Authorities within 75 days from the recommendation receipt after completing all formalities. The time limit for completion of the works by the implementing agency should not generally exceed one year.
In such a case, the work shall be completed by the State Government from its own funds. The State Government will also fix responsibility and take necessary disciplinary action against the erring officials.
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation launched ‘One MP-One Idea’ scheme under the MPLADS to foster innovation spirit and grassroots competitiveness by involving local people to solve local problems. Under the scheme, annual competition is held in each Lok Sabha constituency based on the innovative ideas generated by the local people on development projects. The top three innovative ideas of the people will be selected for cash awards and certificate of appreciation for the next five innovations.
An MP is entitled to spend a sum of Rs 5 lakh from the MPLADS funds to set up facilitation centres in the Nodal District to provide MPs all the information at one place relevant for the effective implementation of the scheme.
Implementing agencies have to carry out inspections by regularly visiting project sites to and specifications in a timely manner. They have to furnish physical and financial progress of each work to the District Authority every month. Additionally, they have to furnish completion report/certificates and utilization certificates to the District Authority within one month work completion and return the unspent balance amount from the MPLAD funds.