Ans. Any adult member from a rural household in possession of a valid Job card can apply. Even though an individual is already employed elsewhere, s/he can demand employment as an unskilled worker. The act also addresses the special needs of physically challenged individuals. One third of the number of beneficiaries of the Act is reserved for women.
Yes. Although registration of those seeking employment are registered per-household, individual members of a household can also apply for work, within the 100 days of employment hours assigned for every household.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment
Since the act is meant for employment in rural India, a rural household should register itself with the Gram Panchayat, submitting details of name, age, sex, and address. After the Gram Panchayat verifies the details of the applicant s/he will be issued a Job Card, which will be valid for 5 years. The card will have the photographs of all the family members and a unique identification card.
Job Card is used for applying for a job, as well as recording the details of the number of hours the household has worked for and the nature of work the workers have been appointed to perform. A job card is essential for an individual to apply for work, for which one must apply directly to the Gram Panchayat or the Block/Programme Development Officer mentioning the date from which s/he wants employment.
Within 15 days from the date of application for a job, the applicant will receive a notification from the Gram Panchayat or the Block Development Office, with the details of employment and the date of commencement. The names of the newly employed applicants will also be displayed on the public notice board of the Gram Panchayat or the Block Development Office. If no employment is provided, the applicant will receive an unemployment allowance (25% of the wage rate for the first 30 days, and 50% of the wage rate after that). An unemployed applicant can also re-apply for work. If a notification of employment has been sent to an applicant and s/he does not report for work, no unemployment allowance will be provided.
The minimum wage for a worker under MNREGA is the statutory minimum wage for agricultural laborers in a given state, unless the Central Government issues a different rate of wage. The minimum wage might vary from state to state. For instance in Haryana, the minimum wage is 135 rupees. If the Central Government decides on a rate, the minimum wage will be 60 rupees or more.
The payments will be released every week through bank drafts or post office account. The complete payment can take up to a maximum of 15 days from the time that the work was completed.
Work will be provided within a radius of 5 km. of the applicant’s residence. Women, workers who are old or those with disabilities will be employed in locations as close as possible to their homes. If a worker is employed beyond 5 km. of home, s/he will be provided 10% extra wages for transportation and living costs.
Every worker is entitled to safe drinking water, and first-aid, if and when necessary. In case of injuries, the worker will be provided free medical treatment from the State Government. If the worker is hospitalized, complete costs of the treatment, hospital accommodation and medicines will be provided by the State Government. If a worker faces death or permanent disability at the worksite, the Central Government will make an ex-gratia payment of 25,000 rupees to the family of the worker.
? Employment is provided in the following areas:
? Water harvesting and conservation.
? Building trees and afforestation.
? Micro and macro Irrigation works in canals.
? Renovation and cleaning of water bodies.
? Land development schemes.
? Flood control and controlling water-logging.
? Construction works.
? Other areas of work which may be introduced by the Central Government after consulting with the State Government.