Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) Frequently Asked Questions
1) What is Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM)?
JNnURM is a massive city-development initiative launched by the Ministry of Urban Development with the aim to improve quality of life, governance and infrastructure in Indian cities.
2) Why was JnNURM launched in India?
According to 2001 census, approximately 285 million people or 28% of India’s population live in urban areas with the rate of growth of urban population considerably higher than the growth of overall population.
- The rapid urban population growth has given rise to increase in the number of urban poor living increasingly as slum-dwellers. This causes tremendous pressure on urban services and infrastructure. Moreover, the urban economic activities which contribute considerably to the GDP are heavily dependent on the availability of infrastructure services such as power, telecom, transportation, etc.
- Hence, in order to cope with these massive challenges, JnNURM was launched to be implemented in select cities on a mission mode.
3) What are the objectives of JnNURM?
The objectives of JnNURM are to ensure that the following are achieved in urban areas:
- Integrated development of infrastructure services and governance with focus on infrastructure projects relating to water supply and sanitation, sewerage, waste management, road network and urban transport;
- Ensuring adequate funds to meet deficiencies in urban infrastructure services;
- Planned development of identified cities including the redevelopment of old cities;
- Scaling up delivery of civic amenities and provision of utilities with emphasis on universal access to the urban poor;
- Long-term infrastructure sustainability by linking physical assets and asset-management
- Provision of basic services to the urban poor including improved housing facilities at affordable prices, water supply, sanitation, universal access to education, health and social security.
4) How many cities are covered under JnNURM?
JnNURM covers 63 cities across India. The cities are classified based on population into 3 categories which are:
- Category A: Cities with more than 4 million population – 07
- Category B: Cities with population between 1 to 5 million – 28
- Category C: State capitals and other cities of religious/historic and tourist importance – 28
5) What is the financial assistance for implementing JnNURM?
The central assistance available under JnNURM is a grant fund. The amount of grant is related to the category of city. However, the grants are made available only after the entire finances for the project are tied up and the contribution of the state and the implementing agency are made available. The funding is released on project specific basis, against meeting project milestones and implementation of mandatory and optional reforms.
6) What are mandatory and optional reforms under JnNURM mission?
Mandatory reforms are those reforms which the Urban Local Body/parastatal agency/State government has to compulsorily implement such as introduction of a system of e-Governance using IT applications.
On the other hand, Optional reforms are also reforms which need to undertaken by the ULB/state; however, these reforms can be carried out in a phased manner at the discretion of ULB/State; two reforms from the list of optional reforms need to be carried out every year over the mission period.
A detailed listing of the mandatory and optional reforms can be found in the guidelines here:
7) What are pre-requisites for receiving funds under JnNURM?
The following are the pre-requisites for receiving JnNURM funds:
- Signing of tripartite Memorandum of Agreement between the urban local bodies, respective state governments and Ministry of Urban Development.
- Implementation of mandatory and select optional reforms
- Preparation of City Development Plan (CDP) and Detailed Project Report (DPR)
8) What is City Development Plan (CDP)?
CDP is a perspective plan and a vision for the future development of the city which contains a framework within which projects need to be identified, prioritized and implemented. A typical CDP will include an assessment of the city’s current state of infrastructure, shared vision of all stakeholders, estimated investments required and a financing strategy for achieving the development vision for the city.
9) What are the sectors and projects admissible under JnNURM?
The sectors and projects admissible under JnNURM are:
- Urban infrastructure which includes redevelopment of old cities; Water Supply and sanitation, Sewerage and Solid Waste management; roads and related infrastructure; development of heritage areas; prevention and rehabilitation of soil erosion and landslides.
- Basic services for urban poor which includes projects involving improvement, development and maintenance of basic services to the urban poor; projects for providing housing at affordable rates for slum dwellers; provision of civic amenities; street lighting; provision of social security, health and education services for urban poor.
10) What projects are not eligible for JnNURM assistance?
Projects in sectors like Power, Telecom, Education, Health, Wage employment programmes are not allowed under JnNURM.