Ganga Gram Yojana is a programme launched by the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. The programme focuses on rural sanitation, development of water bodies and river ghats, construction/modernization of crematoriums in 1600 villages located along the main stem of river Ganga.
Millions of Indians depend on the river Ganga for their livelihood and other basic needs. However, the river is plagued with pollution threats due to organic waste, sewage, industrial waste, garbage, plastic, human corpses and animal carcasses. Hence, as part of the Namami Gange Programme, Ganga Gram Yojana seeks to control pollution flowing into the river Ganga by conserving and rejuvenating the river.
The scheme was launched by Uma Bharti, Union Minister of Water Resources on 5th January, 2016 at Village Puth in Hapur district of Uttar Pradesh.
The initiative will facilitate the river Ganga rejuvenation process by:
1600 identified villages are targeted which are located in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal along the main stem of river Ganga having historic, cultural, religious importance and/or tourism value.
In the first phase, 306 villages have been identified for developing into model villages through rural sanitation and cleanliness initiatives. Open drains flowing from these villages into river Ganga will be diverted and arrangements will be made for alternative sewage treatment. The scheme will ensure that every household has IHHL toilets.
So far, 12,46,539 household toilets have been constructed in 4292 villages of 5 stem states along the course of river Ganga. This amounts to 88 % progress towards creating Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages in the region. Future status of the project can be tracked at http://sbm.gov.in/sbmdashboard/NamamiGange.aspx.
As part of Ganga Gram initiative, a company of the Ganga Task Force was deployed at Garhmukteshwar town in UP to inspect and ensure industries and civilians do not pollute the river. 3 more task forces will be deployed soon at Kanpur, Varanasi and Allahabad.
65 villages have been adopted by 13 IITs to develop into model villages. Similarly, UNDP has adopted 78 villages in Sahebganj district of Jharkhand to develop into a model state by engaging in rural sanitation initiatives including livelihood and capacity building activities for these villages.
Nirikshan Abhiyan is an inspection programme which was organized at (Hapur district) and Anupsahar (Bulandsahar district). During the programme, comprehensive plans were made for execution along the river Ganga such as tree plantation, Ghat development, open drain diversion and revival of water body.