Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Frequently Asked Questions
1) What is Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)?
The Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is a city-development mission project launched on June 25, 2015 which focuses on building infrastructure that leads to delivery of better services to citizens.
2) What are the main objectives of AMRUT?
The main objectives of the AMRUT mission are:
- To ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and a sewerage connection;
- To improve the amenity values of cities by developing greenery and well-maintained open spaces (e.g. parks);
- To reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
These objectives aim to improve the quality of life for all city dwellers, especially for the poor and the disadvantaged.
3) What are the mission components of AMRUT?
The components of the AMRUT consist of capacity building, reform implementation, water supply, sewerage and septage management, storm water drainage, urban transport and development of green spaces and parks.
4) How many cities are covered under AMRUT?
AMRUT covers projects in 500 cities and towns which are classified into the following categories:
- All cities and towns with a population of over 1 lakh having notified municipalities and civilian areas
- All cities and towns of states/UTs not included in the first criteria
- All cities/towns considered as Heritage Cities by MoUD under the HRIDAY Scheme
- 13 cities/town located on the stems of main rivers with population between 75000 and 1 lakh
- 10 cities from hill states, islands and tourist destinations
5) What is the total budget allocation for implementing AMRUT?
The total outlay for AMRUT is Rs 500 Crore for five years from FY 2015-16 to FY 2019-2020. It will feature the following four components:
- 80 % of the annual budgetary allocation to be used as Project fund
- 10 % of the total funds released as incentive for reforms
- 8 % of the total budget for State funds for Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE)
- 2 % of annual budget for MoUD funds for A&OE
6) What are the urban reforms which need to be implemented under AMRUT?
AMRUT mandates a set of 11 urban reforms which needs to be implemented by states and ULBs of the 500 cities. These include the introduction of E-Governance; creating a professional municipal cadre; augmenting double-entry accounting; urban planning and city-level plans; transferring of funds to ULBs; reviewing building regulations; establishing financial intermediary at state level; improved mechanisms for collection of municipal taxes and fees; credit ratings of ULBs; Energy and Water audits; and converging Swachh Bharat Mission.
7) Are there any special incentives from the Centre for introducing these urban reforms?
Yes. AMRUT incentivizes reform-implementations by setting aside 10% as incentives for States/ULBs in addition to the Central share as allocated annually.
8) What are the capacity building activities that need to be undertaken by State government for their Urban Local Bodies under AMRUT?
The States will have to undertake extensive Capacity Building activities for their ULBs which will have two components viz. Individual and Institutional Capacity building.
- Individual Capacity Building are demand driven periodic trainings which include activities like preparing strategic training plans; organizing exposure visits; conducting workshops, seminars, research studies and documentation; coaching and task-related assistance through mentoring and peer networking; preparation of IEC materials for visibility.
- Institutional Capacity Building of ULBs by leveraging consulting firms and other entities.
9) What are the prerequisites for receiving funds under AMRUT?
The following are the prerequisites for receiving funds under AMRUT:
- Preparation of Service Level Improvement Plans (SLIPs) by ULBs
- Preparation of State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) by the State governments based on SLIPs submitted
- Preparation of Detailed Projects Reports by ULBs for release of first installment of funds
- Score Card/ Utilization Certificate / Project Funds Request by ULBs for release of second and third installment of funds.
10) Who is responsible for monitoring the projects implemented under AMRUT?
AMRUT projects will be reviewed and monitored by the Apex Committee chaired by the MoUD Secretary and other Ministry members. The projects will be subjected to various audits by both internal and external agencies. At the State level, a High Powered Steering Committee undertakes detailed scrutiny of the projects at the proposal stage and monitoring during its implementation. Moreover, information and data will be shared with citizens in the public domain regarding the project implementation.